Geography of Ras Al Khaimah
The Emirate has two enclaves, the largest and includes the city of Ras Al Khaimah is situated in the far north of the United Arab Emirates. The territory is mostly mountainous while the southern town of Ras Al Khaimah is made up of sand dunes. The Emirate has a border with Oman and all the other Emirates except Abu Dhabi (therefore, with Umm al Qaïwaï, Sharjah, Fujairah, Ajman and Dubai).
Geography of the United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates are located in the Arabian Peninsula between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. They have borders with Oman and Saudi Arabia. An Omani enclave (Madha) places in the mountains east of the country.
The entire territory is desert or semi-desert. The south consists of a part of the Rub ‘al Khali, while the eastern and northern regions are occupied by mountains. Some oasis (Al Ain, Manama, etc.) helps sustain a life in the desert. Sebkhas occupy the south and west of the area, especially along the coast to the west of Abu Dhabi.
Islands of the United Arab Emirates
Many islands are situated in the Persian Gulf, and the ownership of some of them has been the subject of international conflicts with both Iran and Qatar. Territorial claims on many islands in the Strait of Hormuz and the Persian Gulf oppose to Iran. Besides the fact of possession of the islands and islets, it is mainly the establishment of exclusive economic zones is at stake with the key offshore oil and mineral reserves:
Sir Bani Yas
The UAE is extending over 650 km along the southern shore of the Persian Gulf. Most of the coast consists of salt pans that run inland. The largest natural harbor is in Dubai, although other ports have been built in Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, and elsewhere. The smaller islands, as well as many coral reefs and shifting sand banks, are a menace to navigation. Strong tides and occasional storms also complicate the movement of large ships to the shore. The UAE also extends for approximately 90 km along the Gulf of Oman, an area known as the Al Batinah coast, in the Sultanate of Oman.
The Al Hajar Mountains, rising to 2,500 m, and separate the Al Batinah coast from the rest of the UAE. The Northern Emirates that have an opening along the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman are desert and semi-desert. In the south and west of Abu Dhabi, the sand dunes merge into the desert of Rub Al-Khali in Saudi Arabia. The Emirate of Abu Dhabi includes two important oases with adequate water for food crops: Al Liwa Oasis in the south near the border with Saudi Arabia, and about 100 kilometers northeast Al Buraymi, which runs along both sides of the border between Abu Dhabi and Oman.
The climate of the UAE is generally hot and dry. The hottest months are July and August, when average maximum temperatures reach 40 ° C in the coastal plain. In the Al Hajar Mountains, temperatures are much cooler because of the altitude, with an average minimum temperature of the country in January, and February are between 10 and 14 ° C. During the late-summer months, humid wind blows from the Southeast: the Sharqi. The annual average rainfall in the coastal region is less than 120 mm, but in some mountainous areas, annual rainfall often reaches 350 mm. The rains in the coastal region are short but torrential during the summer months and sometimes cause floods in dry wad beds.
The region is prone to dust storms and occasional violence that can significantly reduce visibility.
Source : Wikipedia – CIA Word Fact Book